Tuesday, April 4, 2017

Logic and the stated reasons for the travel ban just don't together

Who has been responsible for the events in the U.S. in recent years that are considered to be terrorism? How many were carried out by refugees or other individuals from the seven countries listed in the travel ban?

None of the deadly events that have happened in the U.S. in recent years were carried out by refugees. According to a report by the CATO Institute:
“Of the 3,252,493 refugees admitted from 1975 to the end of 2015, 20 were terrorists, which amounted to 0.00062 percent of the total. In other words, one terrorist entered as a refugee for every 162,625 refugees who were not terrorists. Refugees were not very successful at killing Americans in terrorist attacks. Of the 20, only three were successful in their attacks, killing a total of three people and imposing a total human cost of $45 million, or $13.84 per refugee visa issued. The three refugee terrorists were Cubans who committed their attacks in the 1970s and were admitted before the Refugee Act of 1980…”  (Nowrasteh)

The recent Executive Order banning entry to the U.S. from certain countries lists these countries: Libya, Sudan, Yemen, Somalia, Syria, Iraq and Iran. (Levenson)

The major incidents in the U.S. in the past 25 years that have been termed terrorism, along with their perpetrators and countries of origin, are the following:

Of those who were foreign nationals, most were in the U.S. on work visas or tourist visas, which do not require the rigorous vetting process that is completed before admitting refugees.


Levenson, Eric. "How Many Fatal Terror Attacks Have Refugees Carried out in the US? None." CNN. Cable News Network, 29 Jan. 2017. Web. 21 Feb. 2017.

Nowrasteh, Alex. "Terrorism and Immigration: A Risk Analysis." Cato Institute. Cato Institute, 13 Sept. 2016. Web. 21 Feb. 2017

Thursday, March 23, 2017

Refugee numbers in the U.S. over the past 10 years

According to the Refugee Processing Center, which is operated in part by the U.S. Department of State, 698,415 refugees have been admitted to the United States in the past 10 years. This is significantly lower than the period of 1975-1985, when over 1,000,000 refugees were admitted, mostly from Asia.

Of those refugees admitted since 2007, the regions of origin are as follows:
            Africa                                                               167,494
            Asia                                                                 169,187
            Europe                                                  23,228
            Latin America/Caribbean                                   35,129
            Near [Middle] East/South Asia              303,377            (Refugee Processing Center)


"Admissions & Arrivals." Refugee Processing Center. Refugee Processing Center, n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2017

Monday, March 20, 2017

A question that makes me fierce

Every so often I hear a question that just infuriates me until I remember that not everyone works with immigrants and refugees on a daily basis. It's one of the many things that brings out the mama lion in me. 

The question is this:
“If immigrants and refugees are here legally, they have nothing to worry about, right?

There are two major elements to keep in mind in order to answer this question:

Hate crimes. Of the 7,121 victims of hate crimes reported to the FBI in 2015 (statistics for 2016 have not yet been released as of this writing), 59.2% of them were targeted because of race, ethnicity or ancestry. A further 19.7% were targeted because of their religion. (“2015 Hate Crime Statistics Released”) It is unknown how many crimes have gone unreported.

In addition, there are any number of smaller indignities and cases of harassment that occur every day that make immigrants and refugees feel that they are not welcome in their new home. Anyone who works with them would be able to provide a multitude of examples that have happened to people they know personally.

The past meeting the present. Many refugees and immigrants grown up fearing their own oppressive government and its army and/or police force. Such deep-rooted fears cannot be easily forgotten. Further, when they see someone seeking a high position in the government telling them they are unwelcome, it is disconcerting, to say the least. When they later see that same person changing established law with a sweep of the pen, it is not surprising if they are concerned about what might happen next.

Work cited:
"2015 Hate Crime Statistics Released." FBI. FBI, 14 Nov. 2016. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.

Thursday, March 16, 2017

Good advice

From a student essay: "Think before you speak, say what you mean and mean what you say, and put yourself on another person's shoe."

Thursday, June 28, 2012

Yes, I can!

One day in ESL 097, we were working on short answers with “Yes, I can” and “No, I can't”. I was going from student to student, asking questions that began with “Can you ...?” to elicit the appropriate answer: “Can you sew a button on a shirt?” “Can you change a tire?”, and so forth.

Now, in this class I had a Russian couple – a husband and wife from the former Soviet Union. They were living with their children and grandchildren here. They had both been doctors in the USSR, but were unable to practice here because of the language and because of the many difficulties in relicensure in health care for those from other countries. She didn't work; he swept up in a barber shop.

I asked Antonina her question, and she answered. Vladimir's question was, “Can you make a paper airplane?” “Yes, I can,” he replied.

I moved on to the next student, who pre-empted me with, “Can YOU make a paper airplane?”
“Yes, I can,” I said, and opened my mouth to ask him his question.

With an impish grin, he said, “Prove it!”

So I marched up to the front of the classroom, and Vladimir and I were off making our paper airplanes. We finished about the same time, and Vladimir launched his first. It had a high start, and then plopped nose first onto the floor.

Mine flew smoothly straight down the aisle, nearly to the end of the classroom, where it made a slight right turn and landed neatly.

In the middle of the ensuing applause, Antonina crowed gleefully, “Amyerican beats Russian!”

Of course, I did have a bit of an advantage in that contest. I learned my paper-airplane-making skills from my father, who had been a quality control inspector for Rockwell International, and before that, North American and Curtiss Wright. Daddy knew a bit about airplanes.

Monday, June 25, 2012


One of the memorable students while I was teaching Spanish was Timmy.

Well, Timmy wasn't his real name, but from the first day of class, that's how I thought of him, because he made me think of an older version of the little boy in the old Lassie TV series.

This was back in the mid-1990s, when the grunge movement was taking its toll on the American appearance, yet Timmy came to class every day smiling and clean-looking, with neatly trimmed red hair and, to top it all off, a sprinkling of freckles. He even sat up straight. The plaid shirts and jeans only added to his charm, as well as to his resemblance to the 1960s TV character.

(A little background for those of you who don't remember the show: Lassie was a beautiful and very smart collie owned by a little boy named Timmy, who lived with his mother and grandfather on a farm. In many episodes, Timmy got into some sort of scrape, and had to send Lassie for help. Lassie would run off to Mom or Grandpa or whoever was needed, and bark, tug at clothes, etc., until the person would say something to the effect of, “What is it, Lassie? Do you want me to follow you? Is Timmy in trouble?” I don't know if the line was ever actually used in the series, but at some point the line, “What is it, Lassie? Did Timmy fall down a well?” became well known among my generation.)

I managed not to ever call him Timmy out loud, although there were a few near misses. This is one of the dangers of allowing oneself to have mental nicknames for one's students.

And then one day Timmy was absent. The next morning he came up to my desk and said, “Ma'am, I'm sorry I was absent yesterday. I --” Before he could continue, my mind finished his sentence with, “-- fell down a well.”

It's hard to turn an unstoppable laugh into a creditable cough, but I think I managed pretty well. After a moment to regain my composure, I listened to the actual excuse, which had to do with setting his alarm wrong after a power outage.

As if this weren't sufficient proof of my teacherly restraint, the Universe gave me a further test when this student's real-life identical twin brother was in my class. At least this one wore sweatshirts and slouched.

Friday, June 8, 2012


One of the topics that provides great fodder for class discussion and writing practice is that of superstitions. In order to avoid running into the question of superstition vs. religion, I limit the discussion to good luck, bad luck or predictions of the future. Some of the most fruitful areas of discussion are the superstitions around major life events, particularly weddings and babies. It's fascinating how many of them are common to very different cultures – and how often the same item will have very different meanings for different cultures.

For example, the notion that if your right foot itches, you will travel or go to a new place was common among Irish, Middle Easterners and Somalis. On the other hand, owls, which for Western Europeans signify wisdom, are a portent of death for many Asian and African cultures. Part of the reason I enjoy the topic so much is how much I've learned from the students.

And then there are the unexpected things...

One student wrote the following in an essay, showing a wonderful disregard for relating pronouns to their antecedents: “My culture, Somalia, has a lot of superstitions. Many of them are about babies. I don't know where they come from.” (But yet he had four children!)

I asked the class if their cultures assigned any meaning to the left or right palm itching. Several students from various parts of the world had the same meaning I had learned in my Scots-Irish upbringing: that if the right palm itched, one would be receiving money, and if the left palm itched, one would be spending or losing money. One student looked very thoughtful and said, “When my palms itch, it means I have dry skin.”